Building Safety Tips
Every day, millions of people wake up, go to work or school, shop, go out to eat, and take part in other social events. But every so often the unexpected happens: a weather related event, a fire, a chemical spill, an act of terrorism or some other disaster. Routines change drastically, and people are suddenly aware of how fragile their lives and routines can be. Each disaster can have lasting effects – people may be seriously injured or killed, and devastating and costly property damage can occur.
The Station nightclub fire February 20, 2003, in West Warwick, R.I., was a disaster of historical proportion. People entering any public assembly building need to be prepared in case of an emergency.
Should you enter?
Take a good look
Does the building appear to be in a condition that makes you feel comfortable? Is the main entrance wide and does it open outward to allow easy exit? Is the outside area clear of materials stored against the building or blocking exits?
Before you enter
Have a communication plan
Identify a relative or friend beforehand to contact in case of emergency and you are separated from family or friends.
Plan a meeting place
Pick a meeting place outside to meet family or friends with whom you are attending the function. If there is an emergency, be sure to meet them there.
When you enter
Locate exits immediately
Upon entering a building look for all available exits. Are the exits clearly marked and well lit? Some exits may be in front and some in back of you. Always be prepared to use the exit closest to you. (You may not be able to use the main exit or the one you entered through to get in.)
Check for clear exit paths
Make sure aisles are wide enough and not obstructed by chairs or furniture. Check to make sure your exit door is not blocked or chained. If there are not at least two clearly marked exits or exit paths are blocked, report the violation to management and leave the building if it is not immediately addressed. Call the local fire marshal to register a complaint.
Do you feel safe?
Does the building appear to be overcrowded? Are there fire sources such as candles burning, cigarettes or cigars burning, pyrotechnics, or other heat sources that may make you feel unsafe? Are there safety systems in place such as alternative exits, sprinklers, and smoke alarms? Ask the management for clarification on your concerns. If you do not feel safe in the building, leave immediately and contact a local fire marshal.
During and emergency
If an alarm sounds, you see smoke or fire, or other unusual disturbances immediately exit the building in an orderly fashion. Use your closest exit — keep in mind that it may not be the main exit or one you came through.
Get out, stay out!
Once you have escaped, stay out. Under no circumstances should you ever go back into a burning building. Let trained firefighters conduct rescue operations.
Take the time to learn about the public assembly buildings you may enter so that you know what to do if the unexpected happens.
-Source: NFPA Public Education Division