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- North Carolina Electronics Ban in effect July 1, 2011; Electronics recycling details for Orange County
Orange County Exceeds Waste Reduction Goal, reaching 64%, the highest EVER.
ORANGE COUNTY, NC (December 11, 2014)—The State of North Carolina reported the amount of waste landfilled per person that originated in Orange County was measured at 0.49 tons per person in fiscal year 2013-14.
This is a 64% reduction when compared with the base year of 1991-92 tonnage of 1.36 tons per person. For the first time, this exceeds the 61% reduction goal, set in 1997 as part of the state-required Solid Waste Plan. This measurement includes all types of solid waste from all sources within Orange County, regardless of landfill destination.
“When the 61% goal was established, many considered it overly ambitious compared to the state’s 40% statutory goal, plus no other county set a goal higher than that,” said Gayle Wilson, director of Orange County Solid Waste. “The County and its three towns set the goal based on the amount of recyclables contained in the waste stream at that time and also increased the goal further to compensate for prior reductions that had taken place not due to County actions. Over the years the governments have re-affirmed the goal and continued to work on it together.”
Waste reduction rates in neighboring counties include: Alamance = 23%, Chatham = 41%, Durham = 13%, and Wake = 29%.
“This achievement is a credit to all the residents and businesses of Orange County who recycle so much so diligently and constantly. For many years, our elected boards have invested in and supported waste reduction and recycling because it’s in line with the values of this County and something the public wants,” said Commissioner Chair Earl McKee. “Our staff and contractors do a great job picking up and processing the thousands of tons of materials set out each year. Each ton we recycle is a ton that is not landfilled and that ton is one we don’t pay to dispose of.”
To view the full report of all NC counties’ current and past waste reduction rates, please visit http://portal.ncdenr.org/web/wm/sw/swmar
Twenty five years of recycling in Orange County
Twenty five years ago this fall Orange County and its municipalities launched curbside recycling in all three towns – Carrboro, Chapel Hill and Hillsborough. While there had been a drop-off site program and other publicly funded efforts for more than two years preceding the launch of curbside, 1989 could be said to mark our transition to ‘serious’ recycling joining the ranks of other early adopters of broadly based around the nation.
Thus we use this twenty-fifth anniversary celebration as a time to mark TWENTY-FIVE program accomplishments and benchmarks that we can celebrate as part of our success in reducing waste landfilled and making the transition towards a materials management program instead of just solid waste management.
1) 1989 Distribution of over 12,000 blue bins to all single family homes throughout Carrboro, Chapel Hill and Hillsborough to launch the weekly curbside recycling program
2) 1990 First comprehensive waste composition study at the Orange County Landfill conducted to see ‘what’s in our garbage
3) 1992 Pilot rural curbside recycling and downtown Chapel Hill ‘bar glass’ recycling programs began
4) 1993 Creation of County-wide system of staffed Solid Waste Convenience Centers for management of residential waste and recycling, closing 19 unstaffed ‘green box’ sites
5) 1994: initiation of apartment complex recycling program and beginning of County-wide comprehensive solid waste planning process
6) 1995 Chapel Hill Solid Waste Management Department created to manage recycling program and landfill facilities
7) 1995 Pilot food waste recovery program contracted to two small hog farmers
8) 1996 Unlined landfill closed and modern lined landfill constructed and opened
9) 1996 Ban on landfilling commercial corrugated cardboard enacted in Orange County
10) 1996 Four-county (Chatham, Durham, Orange and Wake) cooperative household hazardous waste program began and Orange County builds permanent hazardous waste drop-off site
11) 1997 Planning process results in County wide adoption of 61% waste reduction goal
12) 1998 Food waste collection expands using large scale composting contractor for collection
13) 2000 Orange County takes over operation of landfill and recycling from Town of Chapel Hill and creates inter-local agreement to manage program
14) 2002 Orange County achieves 45% waste reduction, the first County in North Carolina to surpass State’s goal of 40% waste reduction
15) 2002 Regulated Recyclable Materials Ordinance initiated to require solid waste plan of all new development and banning cardboard, scrap metal and clean wood from disposal
16) 2002 First electronics recycling drop-off events in Orange County
17) 2003 Conversion of Household Hazardous Waste collection from once a month to four days per week operation
18) 2004 Conversion of electronics recycling program to permanent drop-off site, eventually expanding to six locations county-wide
19) 2004 Three R recycling fee initiated to ensure comprehensive, predictable, and equitable financing of recycling programs
20) 2006 Addition of mixed paper to curbside recycling and apartments, conversion to 2-stream recycling instead of source separated program
21) 2006 Corrugated cardboard banned from residential waste
22) 2012 Conversion to single stream recycling, leads to overall 16% increase in curbside recycling collection
23) 2012 County reaches 59% waste reduction, highest in the State
24) 2013 Orange County MSW Landfill closes, and landfill gas recovery program begins in conjunction with UNC
25) 2014 Conversion of urban curbside recycling to roll carts leads to 29% increase in recycling collection, and planning for (voluntary) conversion of rural program to roll carts begins.
Orange County Solid Waste Management Christmas and New Years Day Holiday Schedule
Curbside recycling is cancelled for Thursday December 25th. Make-up day for Christmas Day only will be Saturday, December 27th. Please have your recycling to the curb by 7:00 a.m.
Solid Waste Convenience Centers will be CLOSED Thursday, December 25. Normal hours resume on Friday, December 26.
Orange County Landfill and all associated services such as mulch will be CLOSED Wednesday through Friday December 24th, 25, and 26. Normal hours will resume on Saturday, December 27th.
Solid Waste Administrative Offices will be CLOSED December 24, 25 and 26. Normal hours will resume on Monday, December 29.
New Year’s Schedule:
Curbside recycling is cancelled for Thursday, January 1. Make-up day for New Year’s Day only will be Saturday, January 3. Please have your recycling to the curb by 7:00 a.m.
Orange County Landfill, Solid Waste Convenience Centers, and the Administrative Office will be CLOSED Thursday, January 1. Normal hours will resume at on Friday, January 2.
Change of schedule related to inclement weather events are posted on the Solid Waste web page www.orangecountync.gov/recycling/weather.asp and telephone recorded message at (919) 968-2788
The Orange County Solid Waste Management Department is sponsors four free Shred-A-Thons annually in cooperation with local law enforcement and other partners, two in the Spring and two in the Fall in Chapel Hill and Hillsborough, respecitvely.
Orange County residents and small businesses (including those in the Town of Chapel Hill within Durham County), and local government employees that work for the County or the Town of Carrboro, Chapel Hill or Hillsborough may securely destroy their personal confidential documents at no cost.
There is a limit of five “banker-box” sized boxes or five large bags of paper per person, and a limit of one trip per person or business.
Please remove any non-paper materials prior to bringing loads to the Shred-a-thon such as plastic binders, plastic folders, metal tabs, laminated paper, computer disks or other electronic media. The shredded paper will be recycled so we want to keep it clean!
Shredding takes place on-site in full view of people delivering paper.
Watch this webpage, join our listserv, or follow us on Facebook and Twitter @OCNC Solid Waste to learn when 2015 Shred-a-thons will be scheduled.
Compost Bins for Sale
Cost: $50 cash or check only
Orange County Solid Waste Administration
1207 Eubanks Rd. Chapel Hill, 27516
Monday-Friday 8:00 a.m.-5:00p.m.
Under-the-counter compost collection buckets are also avaiable, $10 each.
You can easily make your own rich crumbly compost at home with your yard waste, brown leaves, and kitchen fruit and vegetable scraps. To learn more about the "Earth Machine" outdoor composting unit that we sell, visit www.earthmachine.com.
Compost Demonstration Sites
There are two outdoor composting demonstration sites located in Orange County where you can learn more about outdoor composting and observein it "in action":
- Orange County Solid Waste Management Administrative Office, 1207 Eubanks Rd. Chapel Hill.
- Chapel Hill Community Center (behind the rose garden) on S. Estes Drive.
Orange County Solid Waste provides composting education classes using these sites at least four times per year, twice in the spring and fall, but they are for public educational use as well. OCSWM can provide outdoor composting instruction at these locations, or help set up and teach outdoor composting to function for interested organizations, schools or businesses. These classes are free to the Orange County public.
Rural Curbside Recyclers can get their own 95 gallon rolling cart!
Orange County is currently surveying CURRENT RURAL CURBSIDE CUSTOMERS to measure interest in receiving a 95-gallon cart to replace their orange bins. If you are currently in the service area, and would like to use a cart for your curbside recycling service, please fill out the short Rural Curbside Roll Cart Request Survey to order one. You have until October to order. Delivery will take place January-February of 2015.
Click here for Rural recycling routes. Look for your street on the alphabetical list then click on the route number to find out your schedule. If your street is not listed, it is not currently on one of our recycling routes.
Orange County Solid Waste delivered recycling carts to Town residents in June, 2014
Orange County is pleased to announce that residents of Carrboro, Chapel Hill (including the portion of the Town of Chapel HIll that falls within Durham County) and Hillsborough with curbside recycling receivednew blue 95 gallon wheeled carts to replace their old square 18-gallon bins that have been the Towns’ recycling receptacle for decades! Residents should now be using their blue carts on their regularly scheduled recycling day. Curbside recycling in the towns will remain a weekly service.
Postcards with cart use information and recycling details were mailed to each address receiving a new cart. Find the postcard online here, or if yoiu prefer we can mail you one to keep for reference. The carts are equipped with an RFID tag (or “radio-frequency identification”) that will tie the cart to each address and will help measure participation rates.
Only recycling placed in the new blue carts will be collected, and the old square bins should be retired. Please place carts at the curb, parrallel with the strewe, and with the lid opening facing the street, by 7:00 a.m. on their collection day. The cart should be clear of any obstructions, and two to three feet distant from any other object such as mailboxes, trees, vehicles, or other carts. This is so the truck’s mechanical collection arms can have space to lift and tip the carts with ease.
Only materials placed loosely inside the recycling cart, with the cart lid closed, will get emptied into the recycling truck—items left on the ground, in plastic bags, or another containers, or that get stuck inside the cart will not be recycled. Carts should be rolled back to the house after collection in accordance with Town ordinances.
More questions? Check out the FAQ Cart document!
The Orange County Landfill closed on June 30, 2013. Other services will remain active.
As of June 30, the County Municipal Solid Waste Landfill will close. This facility will no longer accept household waste or any other putrescible (wet, due to potential food content) garbage from any individual or business. Household and business waste must be taken to a permitted transfer station or landfill that can accept those materials. Tipping fees and recycling/preparation policies may vary by facility.
The following properly separated materials will also continue to be accepted at the Orange County Solid Waste Management Facility on Eubanks Road:
- Yard waste
- Scrap metal
- Clean (unpainted, untreated) wood waste
- Large appliances
- Corrugated cardboard
- Oyster shells
- Electronics (up to ten units per trip)
- Mattresses and box springs (no other upholstered furniture)
- Hazardous waste collection facility (220 pounds/month limit for businesses)
The Construction and Demolition Waste (C&D) Landfill will continue to accept waste from construction, remodeling and demolition projects subject to the County disposal bans on corrugated cardboard, scrap metal and clean wood waste. Those materials must be separated to be accepted.
Mulch and compost sales will also remain active.
Residential services for garbage and recycling collection will continue uninterrupted at all five of Solid Waste Convenience Centers located throughout Orange County. No commercial or other non-residential use is permitted at these locations.
Student Move-out Waste Reduction, Reuse and Recycling Resources!
The end of April marks the end of the collegiate Spring semester. It’s time for the population in Chapel Hill to drop and for the number of available parking spots to rise. It is also time for a huge slug of move-out goodies to hit the landfill. Do your part to make move out less waste-full. Use the following guidelines to reduce waste, support local charities, and recycle as much as possible!
If you are interested in an end-of-year-move-out collection point at your apartment complex for clean, dry clothing, canned foods and usable household goods, contact our office and we will work with you to set up such a site and help provide publicity to your residents as they prepare to move out. Our office would provide a set of labeled, clean roll carts during the month of May. Your obligation would be to publicize the program, locate carts in a secure, dry area that is easily accessible for residents. Periodic policing will help ensure that the contents are usable and sanitary. Let us know if you would like a set of roll carts for clothing, canned goods and small household items.
Reusable furniture and other household items in good condition can be offered for reuse at “Salvage Sheds” located at Solid Waste Convenience Centers except for BVradshaw Quarry Rd. Used mattresses can NOT be left at Solid Waste Convenience Centers.
Solid Waste Convenience Centers have recycling collection for bottles, cans, jars, mixed paper, newspaper, magazines, non-bottle plastics such as yogurt tubs and stadium cups and corrugated cardboard. Recycle all batteries, motor oil, antifreeze, televisions, computers, cell phones and other electronic devices there too!
Electronics can also be recycled at the Orange County Landfill on Eubanks Rd. in Chapel Hill. Hours there are Monday – Friday 7am to 4pm and Saturday 7:30am to noon.
Clothing and household items in good condition can be donated to local charities and pick-up can be arranged for large loads.
- PTA Thrift Shop Village Plaza, S. Elliott Rd, Chapel Hill (919) 942-6101
- Club Nova Thrift Shop, 103-C West Main Street, Carrboro (919) 967-6985.
Furniture and appliances in good condition can be picked up by the Habitat for Humanity Hand-Me-Up store. Appliances must work and be less than 10 years old. Call (919) 403-8668 to schedule a collection if you can’t drop your items off at 5501 Durham-Chapel Hill Boulevard, Durham, NC 27707
Donate unopened cans and boxes of non-perishable food items and unused personal care items to the Inter-Faith Council Food Pantry at 110 West Main Street in Carrboro, between 9-5 weekdays. If you need to make special arrangements for weekend drop-off, call them at 929-6380 ext. * 16. Unserved perishable food can be brought directly to the Community House Facility at 100 W. Rosemary St.
Styrofoam packing peanuts and bubble wrap should be brought to local packaging companies like “Pack It Ship It” at MidTown Market on Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd, or UPS packaging stores throughout the County. Packing materials should not be left at the recycling dropoff sites.
Metal cans, plastic bottles, glass bottles and jars and all clean, dry paper including, newspapers, phonebooks, envelopes, junk mail, class notes, can be recycled at all five of the 24-hour recycling drop-off sites.
- Cedar Falls Park: Weaver Dairy Road
- University Mall: Mall parking lot behind the gas station on Estes Drive
- Carrboro Plaza: Behind ABC Store in southeast corner of the Plaza
- Meadowmont: Behind Harris Teeter (this is the least used site)
- Hampton Pointe Shopping Plaza: Hwy 86 in Hillsborough behind Home Depot
If the site is full, please take the recyclables to another site (usually Meadowmont site or Hampton Pointe site at Home Depot in Hillsborough are underutilized). Never ever leave plastic bags at a drop-off site. Take clean, dry empty plastic or paper bags to grocery stores to be recycled.
Hazardous Waste such as “CFL’s” (compact fluorescent lights), paint, hair spray, bug spray, drain cleaner and any flammable, toxic or corrosive liquids should be taken to the Hazardous Household Waste (HHW) Collection at the Orange County Landfill on Eubanks Road. HHW is open Monday through Friday 10am to 6pm and Saturday 7:30 am to noon.
Please contact our office if you have any move-out questions!
Special Event Planning for Waste Reduction
“Special event” season is here and many planners want to do right by their event goers, and the environment. The Orange County Landfill closed on June 30, 2013, and our garbage is now traveling over 100 miles to be landfilled. It is simply a priority among many of our residents, staff, and government officials to reduce as much waste as possible!
The marketplace has recognized the trend so store shelves are full of products that claim to be “green” -- but sometimes the labeling is misleading, and if the event doesn’t go the full distance with recycling AND composting collection respectively, “green” purchasing is not going to make a bit of difference. Here are some myth busters and basic guidelines to help out.
Buying products labeled “compostable” does not make you green. If you buy “compostables” make sure they are labeled “certified compostable” and will be sent to a commercial composting facility. Corn-based #7 PLA cups usually have a green band around them and claim to be compostable. They are… but only in a commercial composting facility, not in your backyard bin, and certainly not in the landfill. They cannot be recycled either! Unless they are actively separated from the rest of the trash and brought to a collection point for a commercial composter (with permission or by contract), they will go into the landfill. There they break down slowly and produce methane. If compostable serving ware is just going to be landfilled it’s no better for the environment and more costly for consumers than serving with petroleum-based plastics.
“Biodegradable” and “compostable” and “recyclable” do not mean the same thing. Two groups of materials have been developed in terms of degradable plastics. The first group includes plant based resins like #7PLA in corn based cups discussed above. The second includes petroleum-based conventional plastics that have chemicals added (known as oxo-degradables) which, when exposed to heat and oxygen, break apart the carbon bonds resulting in micro-fragments of plastic and metals. The fragments will remain in the environment but will not be seen as a visual contaminant.
There are serious concerns amongst plastics, composting and waste management experts that these products do not meet their environmental claims. European Bioplastics considers terms such as “biodegradable” and “oxo-biodegradable” without reference to existing standards as misleading, and as such not reproducible and verifiable. Testing by the Association of Post-Consumer Plastic Recyclers (APR) shows that these plastics are NOT RECYCLABLE. APR states “they [oxo plastics] are a contaminant in the recycling stream. Claims of recyclability are unfounded, untested, and possibly misleading as outlined in the Federal Trade Commission’s Green Guide.” The principal concern is that a recycled resin containing degradable additives renders any product made with those resins unsellable because the product has reduced quality and shortened service life.
With all the plastics recycling in North Carolina, this is a big concern for businesses here. The NC Department of Environment and Natural Resources has just released the report: “Study on the Effects of Degradable Plastic on Recycled Feedstocks” which can be found at: http://portal.ncdenr.org/web/lia/denr-legislative-reports. Pursuant to that, a new bill is being prepared to go the legislature this session to require OXO plastics to be labeled as not recyclable and any plastic labeled as degradable or compostable to comply with American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard D6400-04, "Standard Specification for Compostable Plastics."
What is an organizer to do? Know your waste stream! Identify what is going to be served and therefore what will be thrown out at your event. Replace disposables with durables or recyclables wherever possible. Many local caterers are becoming accustomed to this request. If you have recyclables, make sure you have containers for collection, and a system for proper recycling after the event. For example, instead of fountain drinks and plastic cups, serve beverages in bottles and cans and have recycling containers next to every trash can. At the end of the event bring them to one of Orange County’s 24 hour recycling drop-off sites. Serving hotdogs? Good choice—finger food requires no plates or utensils, but the buns are going to come in recyclable plastic bags. Stuff empty bun bags into another plastic bag, and recycle at a participating grocery store. Serve condiments in bulk containers rather than disposable packets. Want to go the distance and have compost collection? Purchase appropriately and ensure that the compost collection containers are watched so that absolutely no plastic or metal goes in!
Orange County Solid Waste Management can help. We loan recycling containers for special events and consult with planners to reduce the waste stream, identifying systems for diverting waste through reduction, recycling or composting. Larger public events in Orange County have worked with the Solid Waste Department to reduce their waste as much as 95%! Each has their own method - Hillsborough Hogg Day works closely with food vendors to make sure they serve only on compostable ware. Organizers of Farm-to-Fork and Terra Vita provide compostables directly to the vendors, but also reduce waste by providing each event goer with only one utensil (it’s not “Farm to Forks!” the organizer will explain). All three of these events rely on Solid Waste staff and trash-savvy volunteers at sorting stations to keep it all separated and moving smoothly.
Single Stream Recycling effective in Orange County as of July 1, 2012
Residents and businesses in Orange County will no longer have to divide their recycling into two separate containers-- all paper, magazines, newspaper, phonebooks, cartons and junk mail can be commingled with plastic bottles and jugs, metal cans, aluminum trays and foil, glass bottles and jars at the curb, in carts, and at drop-off sites.
This system of recycling, commonly referred to as “Single Stream”, will make recycling easier and more convenient for residents and businesses, while also saving trips and reducing lifting strain for recycling collection staff. Recycling trucks won’t fill as fast because everything goes into one compartment, thus reducing transportation costs. The technical sorting capability at recycling processing facilities (known as Material Recovery Facilities or MRFs) has improved greatly using a combination of automated equipment and manual labor, so a wide range of commingled materials can be efficiently separated and processed to achieve high-value marketable commodities.
Curbside residents can still recycle corrugated cardboard at the curb. The same rules apply as in two-stream -- empty and flattened boxes that are 3’x3’ or less, and 10 pieces or less, unless you can fit them all in your bin.
Businesses, apartment dwellers, and other multifamily site residents with recycling collected in blue County-owned carts still need to recycle their cardboard separately either in a designated dumpster or at a recycling drop-off location.
Orange County Solid Waste has made a significant investment to publicize this exciting new change. Hopefully residents and businesses received the latest issue of "Waste Matters", our 4-page newsletter that was mailed at the end of May of this year. Curbside recycling customers received a full-color postcard with curbside recycling details. Informational recycling decals were replaced at all apartment complex and commercial cart sites. Anyone with questions, comments or concerns or who would like copies of any of these new outreach documents is encouraged to contact the Solid Waste Management Administrative office at (919) 968-2788 or e-mail email@example.com.
County Removed Plastics Recycling Dumpsters from Recycling Drop Off Sites, now only availble at Solid Wasdte Convenience Centers.
Due to excessive contamination levels, sometimes exceeding fifty percent, Orange County Solid Waste Management will permanently remove the large purple roll-off dumpsters for recycling rigid plastics from four unstaffed recycling sites on November 1. Banners have been placed at each site stating that the rigid plastic containers will be removed. All other recycling collection containers will remain at the unstaffed sites.
The purple dumpsters for recycling resin types #2, #4 and #5 cups, tubs, buckets, pipe, lawn furniture and other non-bottle plastics will remain at the five staffed convenience center sites along with all other current recycling and trash services.
Orange County has been collecting the non-bottle rigid plastics for recycling from both staffed convenience center sites and unstaffed recycling sites since February 2010 and averages about 13 tons per month incoming material, of which about nine tons of which are suitable for sale. This is the highest rate of contamination from any public recycling program. The contaminants must be manually sorted by County staff and landfilled before the good material can be sent to market.
Only about 10% of the material in purple dumpsters from staffed sites is contaminants. The majority of contaminants come from the four unstaffed sites at Carrboro Plaza, Cedar Falls Park, Meadowmont and University Mall. The dumpster at the Hampton Pointe recycling site behind Home Depot in Hillsborough was removed a year ago for excessive contamination, but contamination at the other four sites did not improve even with extensive public education.
Since the County established this program ongoing efforts have been made to educate the public about the proper materials including placement of high quality signage, extensive paid advertising, articles in local papers, shows on local radio and two major efforts staffing the usually unstaffed drop-off sites with temporary personnel to educate site users.
Rigid plastics #2 (HDPE), #4 (LDPE) and #5 (PP) for which there is a reliable, regional market that Orange County sells to include items such as five gallon buckets, kitty litter buckets, plastic storage totes, plastic lawn furniture, black pipe, and kiddie pools. These items are not recycled when put in curbside recycling bins with cans and bottles, only when kept separate and brought to the staffed Solid Waste Convenience Centers. See the County web page for a full list of acceptable plastics in the purple bins: http://www.orangecountync.gov/recycling/rigidplastics.asp to request a pictorial brochure.
Computer equipment and televisions will be banned from disposal in North Carolina landfills as of July 1, 2011, as required by NC Session Law 2010-67 passed last year by the General Assembly. As of July 1, televisions, computers and computer equipment such as laptops, desktops, monitors, printers, scanners, and peripherals such as mice and keyboards cannot go in the trash or be disposed in any NC landfill.
Orange County residents can recycle their electronics at all 5 of the Solid Waste Convenience Centers located throughout the county, during hours of operation. Visit http://www.orangecountync.gov/recycling/centers.asp for details.
Orange County residents, businesses, and other non-residential entities can recycle their electronics at the Orange County Landfill, 1514 Eubanks Rd. in Chapel Hill, Monday- Friday from 7:30a.m.-4:00 p.m. and Saturdays from 7:30 a.m. to 12 noon. Please call ahead to make an appointment for large loads so we can process those right away.
Collected electronic items include any audio or visual data carrying devices such as computers, monitors, mice, keyboards, televisions, IPods, scanners, printers, speakers, cables, copiers, cell phones, telephones, stereos, fax machines, CD and DVD players, cassette players, VCRs and electronic media such as CD’s, DVD’s and their cases (no electronic tape such as cassette or VCR tape please). Look for the black trailers labeled “Electronic Recycling”.
Orange County has been providing residents with electronics recycling since 2002. Orange County will recycle close to 1,000,000 pounds of electronics this fiscal year. That is approximately 11 tons per week, or 8 pounds per person, per year. Orange County contracts with a North Carolina based electronics recycling firm called Synergy Recycling, LLC www.synergyrecycling.com. Synergy is certified with numerous environmental and employee health and safety standards, and their downstream markets are also certified to be environmentally sound and non-polluting.
Other components of the law are designed to create statewide recycling opportunities for discarded electronics and to place significant responsibilities on electronics manufacturers to help fund and create those opportunities. All computer manufacturers are required to offer at least a free mail-back program for their own equipment, and some will offer additional kinds of recycling options. A number of retailers also offer recycling of electronics, as do some nonprofit and charitable agencies. A comprehensive list of recycling options for residents and businesses in the state of North Carolina can be found at: http://www.p2pays.org/electronics/.