What is Ebola?
Ebola is the cause of a viral hemorrahagic fever disease.
Signs and Symptoms
- Fever greater than or equal to 100.4 F
- Severe headache
- Muscle aches and pain
- Stomach pain
- Abnormal bleeding and bruising
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.
How Ebola Spreads
Ebola is only spread through direct contact with a symptomatic, infected individual. The disease can be spread through any of the following:
- blood or body fluids (including, but not limited to urine, saliva, feces, vomit, and semen) or a person who is sick with Ebola
- objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
- infected animals
Ebola IS NOT spread through the air or by water.
Ebola infographics created by the Orange County Health Department
Click on the links below to read each of the information sheets
If you believe you may be been exposed to Ebola through direct contact with an infected person call our communicable disease team immediately at
For more information:
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- World Health Organization (WHO)
- North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services (NC DHHS)
Orange County Specific Information:
- Orange County Actively Planning and Training for Ebola - Press Release 10-17-14
- Orange County Emergency Services Prepared to Respond to Calls Regarding Ebola Virus - Press Release 10-15-14