HEALTH DEPARTMENT CALENDAR
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Types of Birth Control & STD Prevention
birth control methods
Methods
Description and Level of Effectiveness for Pregnancy and/or STD Prevention


Highest Effectiveness
Mirena IUD
Description: T-shaped device put into your uterus during an office procedure by a health care provider. Provides years of effective birth control. Releases small amount of hormone that can make periods lighter, less crampy.
How often it requires an action: 5-7 years
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Highest effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Nexplanon
Description: Matchstick sized rod put in your arm during an office procedure by a health care provider. Provides years of effective birth control.
How often it requires an action: 3 years
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Highest effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Paraguard IUD

Description:  T-shaped device put into your uterus during an office procedure by a health care provider. Provides years of effective birth control.
How often it requires an action: 10-12 years
Hormone-free: Yes
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Highest effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Skyla IUD
Description: T-shaped device put into your uterus during an office procedure by a health care provider. Provides years of effective birth control. Releases small amount of hormone that can make periods lighter, less crampy. Slightly smaller than Mirena IUD.
How often it requires an action: 3 years
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Highest effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Sterilization (tubal ligation for women/ vasectomy for men)
Description: A surgical procedure to prevent further pregnancies. This is a permanent method of birth control.
How often it requires an action: 1 time
Hormone-free: Yes
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Highest effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Good Effectiveness
Birth Control Pill
Description: A pill you take by mouth every day.
How often it requires an action: Every day
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Good effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Depo Provera

Description: A shot given in your arm or hip every 3 months.
How often it requires an action: Every 3 months
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Good effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Nuvaring
Description: A small ring that you put in your vagina each month for 3 weeks out of the month.
How often it requires an action: Every month
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Good effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Ortho Evra patch
Description: A small patch that you put on your skin each week.
How often it requires an action: Every week
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Good effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Moderate Effectiveness
Condoms - FEMALE
Description: Loose sleeve that you put into your vagina before sex. Must be put in before any genital contact and stay in all the way through sex to be most effective. The only method besides male condoms, and not having sex, that can reduce the risk of getting an STD.
How often it requires an action: Every time you have sexprotects against STDs - Copy
Hormone-free: Yes
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Moderate effectiveness
Protects against STD's: Yes

Condoms - MALE
Description: Latex or plastic sleeve but on the penis before sex. Must be put on before any genital contact and stay on all the way through sex to be most effective. The only method besides female condoms, and not having sex, that can reduce the risk of getting an STD. protects against STDs - Copy
How often it requires an action: Every time you have sex
Hormone-free: Yes
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Moderate effectiveness
Protects against STD's: Yes
More information: How to use a condom

Diaphragm
Description: A disc that you put into your vagina before sex. Requires fitting and a prescription by a health care provider.
How often it requires an action: Every time you have sex
Hormone-free: Yes
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Moderate effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Emergency Contraception
Description: A pill that you take up to 5 days after unprotected sex to reduce the chance of pregnancy. A Paraguard IUD can also be inserted after unprotected sex to reduce the risk of pregnancy and give lasting birth control.
How often it requires an action: Take in the event of unprotected intercourse. Then you need to get a more reliable method.
Hormone-free: No
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Moderate effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No

Spermicides
Description: Gels that you insert in your vagina before sex to kill sperm
How often it requires an action: Every time you have sex
Hormone-free: Yes
Effectiveness at preventing pregnancy: Moderate effectiveness
Protects against STD's: No